Animal Parenting

Giraffe Moms Mourn Their Deceased Calves

March 11, 2020 0
Giraffe moms form strong bonds with their calves. They remain in close contact for the first 12-16 months of their lives. Moms only leave their calves briefly, while they are well hidden, to procure food […]
Animal Parenting

Does A Mother’s Death Affect Her Offspring?

February 19, 2020 0
In nature, most animals that are newborns or infants at the time of their mother’s death are almost always destined to meet the same fate. An exception is if they live in a cooperatively or […]
Animal Parenting

Career Moms – A Unique Conundrum of Human Females

February 5, 2020 0
Human females are unique in the animal kingdom. We have a combination of massive brains, low fecundity, and long lifespans, including several decades of being postreproductive. Our species is the only one in which mothers […]
Animal Parenting

Amphibian Moms and Pseudoviviparity – Egg-Laying with a Twist

January 22, 2020 0
Pseudoviviparity is an interesting offshoot of oviparity, or egg-laying. Embryos are secondarily internalized by females after they are externally fertilized by males. The female reproductive system is therefore not directly involved in the gestation or […]
Animal Parenting

Parenting Strategies of Egg-Laying Moms

January 8, 2020 0
In some species, egg-laying moms construct elaborate nests, burrows, or hiding spots for egg incubation. In other species, embryos are attached to the mother’s body in a specialized pouch or in a crevasse on her […]
postpartum depression
Animal Parenting

What is Postpartum Depression?

November 27, 2019 1
Postpartum depression is a depression which extends past the point of days or even weeks after giving birth. The physiological changes associated with postpartum depression are very real. They reinforce each other in a cyclical […]