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I’m Carin – a biologist, writer, and philosopher. My life is an eclectic combination of science communication, global adventures, lecturing, writing, and presenting.

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  • Animal Reproduction

    What Is Traumatic Insemination?

    Traumatic mating has evolved repeatedly in several animal phyla. It is most common among arthropods – invertebrates with exoskeletons. Many kinds of behaviours fall into the general category of trauma, starting with those that involve [...]
  • Animal Reproduction

    Female Pheromones

    In the majority of cases, female pheromones are produced in order to communicate sexual maturity to prospective partners. For many invertebrates where prospective partners have to signal to each other from substantial distances, it’s often [...]

Latest Posts

Animal Reproduction

Male Pheromones

September 25, 2019 1
Male pheromones can be used to signal being attractive, or at least having something attractive. The sheer diversity in the strategies of sexual chemistry is mind-blowing. There is a wide spectrum of approaches to sex […]
Book Excerpts

Animal Homosexuality and Dominant Males

September 18, 2019 3
We’ve already examined homosexuality in nature as a way to establish social bonds, practice sex, or just have fun. Although these theories are well-supported with data, there are other evolutionary reasons we see animal homosexuality […]
Dr. Carin Bondar